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How to Use a Benchtop Jointer: Detailed Explanation

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Written By John Gibbs

 

 

 

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A jointer is used to machine wood mechanically with a cutting tool. It is used to plan in a straight direction along the surface or edges of wooden parts. According to the number of cutting mechanisms, there are two-sided and one-sided machines, the first version of the equipment is designed for planning two adjacent surfaces simultaneously. I will go over all of the basics on how to use the jointer planer tool and get the best results.

How to Use a Benchtop Jointer

First of all, it is worth answering the question: what is a joiner tool? A joiner is a woodworking machine that is designed to trim boards and create smooth, flat joints on the edges and ends of lumber. In short, the work on the machine consists of
three basic steps:

  1. Adjust the work table to the desired height.
  2. Switch on the machine.
  3. Feed the workpiece along the guideways.

A more detailed description of how to operate a jointer machine is given below

a jointer machine and a wooden workpiece on it

How a Jointer Machine Works

The working principle of a planning machine is as follows:

  1. The back plate always remains stationary during the machining process. The operator adjusts the location of the front plate to the desired height.
  2. After the machine is turned on, the electric motor directs the rpm to the knife shaft. As a result, the cutting elements begin to rotate.
  3. The wooden workpiece is held against the guide bar with both hands and is guided to the knives. When working with inexpensive devices, the workpiece must be fed manually, which can lead to injury. Modern machines are equipped with an automatic workpiece feeding system. It provides safe operation and increases the rate of feed of blades.
  4. After feeding the workpiece, rotating blades remove a layer of wood, eliminating irregularities, and creating a flat base surface. The machining speed depends on the technique used to plan the workpiece. Most tools plan the surface of the workpiece individually. There are tools that can plan two sides of a wooden part at the same time.

all main parts and aggregates of the jointer

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Precautions

When working with the planning machine, it is necessary to observe safety precautions:

  • Do not touch the blades with your hands when the machine is on.
  • Work with the tool must be in protective clothing. The head must be protected with a headdress, hands – with gloves, eyes – with glasses, feet – with specialized shoes. It is important that the overalls fit tightly against the body.
  • In the process of tapping it is necessary to use clamping holders that protect the operator’s fingers from the knives.
  • In order not to cut an unnecessary amount of wood, it is recommended to put a chalk line on the surface of the bar. If it has completely disappeared, the surface of the workpiece has become smooth.

How to Use a Bench Jointer Step-By-Step Guide

Woodwork joiners come in a variety of sizes and shapes, but the most common type is the benchtop jointer, which is small enough to be used on a workbench.

Also, it is worth answering the question: what is a jointer used for? The answer is simple: it is a tool that allows you to adjust the plane of the workpiece and make it flat. This is the main purpose of the tool. However, a jointer can also be used to adjust the edge of the workpiece and make it perpendicular to the side surface. So, if you have a question about how to use a jointer properly, you should use my guide below.

Step 1: Select the right size jointer

The first step in using a jointer planer is to select the right size machine for the job. If you are working with small pieces of lumber, a small benchtop jointer will be sufficient. However, if you are working with larger pieces of lumber, you will need a larger machine.

Step 2: Set up the jointer

Once you have answered the question “what is a wood jointer used for?” and selected the right size jointer, the next step is to set it up. This involves attaching the infeed and outfeed tables to the main body of the machine, as well as attaching the fence.

A man adjusts a jointer machine

Step 3: Adjust the fence

The next step in the proper jointer technique is to adjust the fence. The fence should be perpendicular to the knives, and it should be set at the same height as the knives.

Step 4: Turn on the jointer

Once the fence is adjusted, the next step in answering how to use a wood jointer is to turn on the jointer. The switch is usually located on the front of the machine.

Step 5: Feed the lumber into the jointer

Once the machine is turned on, the next step in answering how to use a hand jointer is to feed the lumber into the jointer. The infeed and outfeed tables should be set at the same height, and the lumber should be fed into the machine at a consistent speed.

board feed into the jointer

Step 6: Remove the lumber from the jointer

Once the lumber has been trimmed, the next step is to remove it from the jointer.

Step 7: Turn off the jointer

The final step is to turn off the jointer. The switch is usually located on the front of the machine. Now you have the answer to the question “how does a jointer work” and a step-by-step guide on how to use it.

How to Choose a Jointer

A jointer is an important tool in woodworking. What is the purpose of a jointer? It is a cutting tool that is used to create smooth and even surfaces on the boards. The jointer is also known as a surface planer. There are a few things you need to keep in mind when purchasing a jointer.

Size

The size of the jointer is determined by the width and length of the table. This is one of the most important things in using a jointer. The width is the first number listed and the length is the second number. The size of the table will determine the largest piece of wood that can be cut.

Blade

The blade is the most important part of the jointer. It also depends on the answer to the question “what does a wood jointer do?”. It is the part that actually cuts the wood. There are two types of blades: straight and spiral. Straight blades are better for cutting softwoods, while spiral blades are better for cutting hardwoods.

Blade for a planing machine in close-up

Power

The power of the jointer is determined by the motor. The higher the horsepower, the more powerful the jointer. A 1-horsepower jointer is powerful enough for most home projects.

Fence

The fence is the part of the jointer that keeps the wood in place while it is being cut. It is important to choose a fence that is adjustable and easy to use.

Price

The price of the jointer is determined by the brand, the size, the power, and the features. Shop around to find the best deal.

Reviews

Read reviews of different jointers before you buy one. Make sure to read Benchtop jointer reviews from people who have actually used the jointer.

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FAQ

What is a benchtop jointer?

A benchtop jointer is a small, portable woodworking tool that is designed to be used on a workbench or table. It is typically used to create straight, smooth edges on wood boards and other materials.

What does a jointer do in woodworking?

A jointer is a woodworking tool that is used to create flat, level surfaces on wood. It can also be used to create angled cuts and to chamfer or round the edges of a piece of wood.

A wooden block on a jointer machine in close-up

What are the different sizes of benchtop jointers?

Benchtop jointers come in a variety of sizes, from small, handheld models to larger units that can be used on a workbench or table saw.

What are the different features of benchtop jointers?

Benchtop jointers come with a variety of features, including adjustable fences, depth stops, and built-in dust collection systems. Some models also come with built-in lights, making it easier to see your workpiece.

How to square a board with a jointer?

First, use the jointer to create a flat surface on one side of the board. Next, use a combination square or a ruler to mark a line perpendicular to the flat surface. Finally, use the jointer to create a second flat surface parallel to the first one.

How do I use a jointer to create a rabbet?

First, use the jointer to create a flat surface on one side of the board. Next, use a combination square or a ruler to mark a line perpendicular to the flat surface. Finally, use the jointer to create a second flat surface parallel to the first one, stopping before you reach the rabbet line.

Conclusion

A benchtop jointer is a powerful tool that helps you do your woodworking projects more efficiently and accurately. With its help, you can create precise cuts and edges on your pieces of wood. However, you should only use this tool if you know how to use it properly. In this article, I have shown you how to use a benchtop jointer. I hope that this guide will be helpful to you. If you have any questions, please feel free to leave a comment below.

 

About John Gibbs

Hello everyone! My name is John Gibbs. I am 60 years old and have been in the family construction business all my adult life. Construction is not only my profession but also my passion. I know everything about building and repair materials, tools, advanced methods, techniques, and approaches. I will share the same knowledge with you in my articles.

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